Acne During Ovulation: Your Guide On How To Deal With Hormonal Acne
Acne during ovulation occurs due to hormone fluctuations. While it is normally associated with hormone fluctuation during puberty, acne caused by these hormones can also affect adults regardless of age. Different factors may be causing this hormonal acne such as menopause and menstruation. It is believed that around half of women within the age range of 20 to 29 experience acne while for women aged 40 to 49, it can affect around a quarter.
Opinions of experts are mixed when it comes to this kind of acne. While the Mayo Clinic claims that hormones may not be the main cause of acne in adults, hormonal imbalances may lead to acne for adults suffering from other medical conditions. As such, it may safe to assume that for adult acne, there is no precise way to have hormones measured in terms of the threshold for acne breakout. This can make diagnosing and treating the aforementioned medical condition difficult.
Acne During Ovulation: Some of its Characteristics
Hormonal acne will usually appear in the individual’s T-zone during puberty. This area covers the chin, nose, and forehead. Hormonal acne for adults, on the other hand, will typically affect the lower part of the face which includes the jawline and the cheeks. For some, hormonal acne can lead to the formation of small pimples that can turn out to be cysts, whiteheads, and blackheads. On the other hand, cysts that are formed deeply underneath the skin will not usually show up on the surface and the bumps of these kinds of growths will usually tender when touched. These acnes caused by hormonal changes may be brought about by several different conditions such as androgen levels that are increased, menopause, PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome, and menstruation.
To be more specific, these fluctuations in the hormone can worsen the acne of individuals by having the following increased:
- Skin inflammation
- Sebum or oil production
- Hair follicles with skin cells that are clogged
- Production of bacteria that can cause acne.
Hormonal Acne and Menopausal Acne: Are They The Same Thing?
A lot of women go through the menopausal stage during their 40s or their 50s. It can lead to a reduction that is natural in terms of hormones for reproduction, which can lead to having the menstrual period ending. Some also get acne during this stage and are most likely due to reduced estrogen levels, or an increased level of testosterone.
People can still get menopausal acne even while using HRTs or hormone replacement therapies to ease menopausal symptoms. This is because HRTs can create an influx of progestin in the replacement of progesterone and estrogen that the body may lose. The introduction of this hormone to the body can lead to the breakout of the skin as well.
For most instances, prescribed medication may help in clearing acne caused by menopause. Some individuals can be successful when they use natural treatment methods. Individuals should talk to their healthcare professional about the possible treatment options they can try out.
Acne During Ovulation: Some Traditional Treatments For Hormonal Acne
For those with mild hormonal acne, OTC or over-the-counter medications may be beneficial. However, if acne is much more severe, then these medications may not be that useful. This is due to the acne caused by hormones that will usually have the form of a cystic bump which is normally found underneath the skin and far from the reach of topical medications.
Oral medications may be useful as it can help in balancing the hormones from the inside out and have the skin cleared. Some other common options include contraceptives that are orally taken and drugs that are anti-androgen.
1. Oral Contraceptives
These types of medications, particularly those used to address acne, contain ethinylestradiol and norethindrone, norgestimate, or drospirenone. When combined, these components can have the hormones targeted to those that can cause acne. It may be a great help, especially during ovulation and other hormonal peaks. However, some individuals may not have these contraceptives as one of their choices, especially individuals suffering from breast cancer, high blood pressure or hypertension, or those with blood clots. In addition, these medications should not be taken if one is a cigarette smoker.
2. Anti-Androgen Drugs
This type of medication functions by having androgen or the male hormone reduced. Excessive androgen though may result in issues connected with acne through the interference on hair follicles that have the skin cells regulated, and oil production increased. Although spironolactone is used mainly for the treatment of hypertension or high blood pressure, it also has effects that are anti-androgen. In short, it can have the body prevented from the production of extra androgen and allow the levels of hormones to become more stabilized.
If the acne caused by hormonal fluctuations is mild, then the individual may be able to utilize retinoids that are applied topically. These are vitamin A derived products. A lot of retinoid lotions, gels, and creams can be purchased over the counter (OTC). However, those who want a solution or formula that is stronger may seek their doctor’s advice for any possible recommendations in terms of prescription medication. A product that is prescribed is usually the best kind of product to keep the skin healthy and clear from any acne. For those who want their regimen to include a topical retinoid formula, sunscreen must be applied daily. This is because retinoids may increase sunburn risk.
Other more natural ways to treat hormonal acne will include alternative medications such as tea tree oil, alpha hydroxy acid, and green tea. People can also try reducing the intake of some products such as red meats, refined carbs, dairy products, and sugar.