Ovulation And Conception: Can You Get Pregnant After Ovulation?
Days Ideal for Conception: A Brief Overview
For individuals who want to conceive or get pregnant, it can be quite beneficial to identify the period when ovulation happens, and when fertility is at its peak. Other individuals may also want to track their ovulation scheduled to ensure that pregnancy or conception is prevented. Generally speaking, women will be most fertile within one or two days of ovulating. This is the time when eggs are released by the ovaries. It is possible, however, to still become pregnant within the period moving towards the ovulation schedule. This is due to the sperm’s ability to survive for several days when inside the body of the individual.
Within the menstrual cycle are days when a woman has a reduced chance of getting pregnant and this is referred to as the woman’s safe period. In this article, we look at the window of the fertility of women and how to prevent or reduce the chances of getting pregnant.
The Cycle of Menstruation
A person on average is pegged at around 28 – 32 days but some can have cycles that are shorter while others can have cycles that are longer. An individual’s first day for her period is regarded as the menstrual cycle’s first day as well. This period will commonly last from three days to a week. Differences in the cycle of menstruation may also occur due to a phase known as the follicular phase which happens before ovulation
The phase known as the luteal phase, on the other hand, is a stage that occurs starting with ovulation until the beginning of the next cycle and can last for around two (2) weeks.
Conception and Ovulation: How to Determine the Chance of Pregnancy
Ovulation is when an egg is released by the ovaries. Once it is released the said egg cell will then be transported to the fallopian tube where it remains for around one whole day. Pregnancy is accomplished once sperm gets into the fallopian tube and has the egg fertilized during this period. If the sperm is unsuccessful in terms of having the egg fertilized, the egg will then be moved to the uterus to be broken down which will then be prepared for leaving the body through menstruation.
Based on the statement by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the period for ovulation occurs around two weeks before the individual’s next menstrual cycle if they have a cycle that is considered regular (28 days). Most individuals will experience ovulation ranging from 11 days or three weeks of the cycle. Day 1 of their LMP or last menstrual period shall be considered the 1st day of the cycle. The process of ovulation does not always happen on the same day monthly and can change each day either earlier or later than the date expected.
Medical professionals refer to this period of the ovulation cycle as the fertile window because the chances for the woman getting pregnant around this time is the highest possible one throughout the entire cycle. As an example, a female that experiences ovulation on the 14th day can get pregnant on the said day or within the next 24 hours.
However, this window of fertility begins several days before ovulation because sperm can live inside the body for up to five days. As such, even if a female does not have intercourse on the 14th or 15th day, there is still a possibility to get pregnant if they have unprotected sex from days nine (9) to thirteen (13). A study that was conducted on around 6,000 pregnant individuals showed that the chances of conceiving can increase greatly a week after the LMP. The chance of getting pregnant is at its peak on day 15 and goes back to nil by day 25.
The individuals in the said study showed the following windows of fertility as follows:
- 2 % within 4 days of the menstrual cycle
- 58% within 12 days of the menstrual cycle
- 5% within 21 days of the menstrual cycle
The study also noted that women with regular menstrual cycles and women who are older tended to get pregnant in the earlier stages of the cycle. People must be reminded that these are just general guidelines and should not be taken as a specific guarantee. Each cycle and individual is unique.
Individuals are advised that they monitor themselves in terms of the monthly chart of their period and to note down ovulation signs to aid in pinpointing the exact date of the monthly ovulation.
Possible Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation
The monitoring of ovulation signs can aid individuals in determining the exact day that they are ovulating every month. Some signs of ovulation include higher sex drive, a slight increase in the body’s basal temperature, more slippery, clearer, and wetter discharge from the vagina, which is similar to egg whites, cramping that is mild in the lower portions of the abdomen.
These ovulation signs will change continually even after the occurrence of ovulation (such as the body’s basal temperature). As such, an individual should not be utilizing this sign to identify their window of fertility. It can also be beneficial for individuals to monitor the signs within a span of a few months to glean what the body considers normal. These individuals, though, should always keep in mind that other variables can crop up which means that all in all, the period of ovulation can change from month to month.
One other option is to have individuals use an ovulation detector or fertility kit. Fertility aids can help in the measurement of certain hormones retrieved from a person’s pee to check for ovulation days every month.