Female Reproductive System: Major Parts and Their Use

Female Reproductive System: Major Parts and Their Use

When you were young, you probably studied the female reproductive system. And if you are a female, then you must be familiar with it. For starters, the female reproductive organs have a lot of functions. One of these is by transporting the ova to fertilization. It is also responsible for creating female sex hormones that are important in the reproductive cycle.

Now, it is time that you find out the different parts that comprise the female reproductive system and their functions.

Major Parts and Their Use


It is a small protrusion that is the female version of a male’s penis. It is covered by skin, which is called the prepuce. Also, the clitoris is can be erect and is sensitive when stimulated.

Bartholin’s glands

These are placed beside the vaginal opening. Its main function is to release a fluid secretion.

Labia minora

It is a small part of the female reproductive system that is 2 inches wide. It is placed inside the labia majora and near the opening of the vagina and urethra.

Labia majora

It is the protector of the external reproductive organs. It is considered fleshy and large that has oil-secreting and sweat glands. When a female reaches puberty, it is then covered by hair.

Fallopian tube

The fallopian tube is a narrow tube that are connected to the uterus. It acts as a tunnel for the egg cells when they travel from the ovary to the uterus. Also, conception, which is the fertilization of the eggs, happens in the fallopian tubes.


These are the oval-shaped small glands that are usually located on the side of the uterus. These are in charge of developing hormones and eggs. Every month, the ovaries are tasked to release eggs that are to be fertilized.

Uterus or the womb

It is a pear-shaped organ where the developing fetus is placed. The uterus has two parts: the corpus, which expands for the baby, and the cervix, which leads to the vagina. In addition, the cervix has a channel where the sperm enters and the menstrual blood exits.

During the menstrual cycle, the endometrium or the lining of the uterus becomes thick with blood for the pregnancy. But if there is no pregnancy going to take place, the lining will be shed during the menstrual period.


As mentioned, the cervix is the passageway for sperm and menstrual blood. It also protects the uterus from different infections. Most of the time, the cervix is blocked by mucus. But during ovulation, the mucus disappears and becomes watery strands so that the sperm can easily enter.


The vagina, also known as the birth canal, is considered a canal that connects the cervix to the body outside. It is very elastic that can spread up to 10 centimeters in length. Other than while giving birth, the vagina also expands during sexual intercourse. This is because it gets ready to accept penetration.

Another important function of the vagina is to become a bridge for menstrual fluid, cervical mucus, and other secretions.

How it Works

These parts work hand-in-hand especially when a woman undergoes pregnancy or menstrual cycle. To cite an example, this article will talk about what happens during the menstrual cycle.

A female who reaches the reproductive age will have no other choice but to experience a menstrual cycle. This happens every month if she has a normal menstrual cycle. The main objective of this monthly cycle is to prepare a woman for pregnancy, even if it is planned or not.

There are four hormones that work together during this time: progesterone, estrogen, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone.

The first stage is the follicle-stimulating hormone. This phase occurs on the first day of the woman’s period. During this time, the follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormones are executed from the brain and directly taken to the ovaries. These hormones then stimulate to develop up to 20 eggs. Then, these hormones will create estrogen.

Only one follicle becomes mature in the process. After 14 days, the ovulation phase will start. The dominant follicle will eventually release the egg and land on the fallopian tubes. It is important to note that during this time, the cervix will have more mucus. So if a woman decides to have intercourse during this phase, the mucus will most likely capture the sperm, then nourish it. Eventually, the sperm is taken to the egg to fertilize.

After the ovulation, the reproductive system undergoes the luteal phase. In this phase, the follicle releases the egg and becomes the corpus luteum. This structure then secretes progesterone and makes sure that the uterus is prepared to implant the fertilized egg.

The egg then goes to the fallopian tube and consider the woman pregnant. If not, the egg just merely passes by the uterus. Then, the linings of the uterus are broken down, waiting for the next menstrual cycle to begin.


The female reproductive system is an important structure in a woman’s body. It is where the menstrual cycle and pregnancy take place. Even the secretion of urine passes by here. What is interesting about this is that all parts have an important function to play.

For example, the fallopian tube is the housing of the fetus. Without it, where will the fetus stay? Just like in any system in the body, the female reproductive system works in an organized manner. One missing organ would create chaos in the system. So if you are a woman, then make sure that all of the abovementioned parts in your body is healthy. Otherwise, you might experience problems in production or worse, get health complications.

Mom Pamper

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