Can You Get Pregnant During Your Period? Here’s The Surprising Truth
The direct answer to this question is yes, technically speaking. However, the likelihood of this happening is significantly lower during the actual days when someone has a period. On the other hand, an individual has a higher chance of getting pregnant midway through their cycle and is commonly referred to as a window of fertility. The possibility of getting pregnant is reduced after or before the said fertility window. However, conceiving during this timeframe is still possible, although several variables should be considered.
In this article, we will talk about the possibility of getting pregnant while having one’s period and during the other portions of a woman’s cycle.
Is It Possible To Get Pregnant During Your Period?
An individual has an increased possibility of conceiving in the middle of their cycle which is around the time when an egg is released by the ovaries, a process referred to as ovulation. The egg is then transported to the uterus where it can be fertilized by the sperm. Based on a statement by the Office on Women’s Health, a menstrual cycle that is regular or normal will last for around 28 days. This cycle for menstruation has been established as the time between the first day of one’s period and the next period’s day number 1. During this period, ovulation will usually happens within 7 to 19 days after the end of a person’s period.
After ovulation, the egg can only survive within a period of 12 hours to a day and as such, it will need to be fertilized by a sperm cell within this window of fertility for pregnancy to happen. As such, an individual has an increased chance of conceiving if they have sex three days before ovulation day.
Because individuals with cycles amounting to 28 days will usually not ovulate until around seven days after their menstrual period and they won’t be able to conceive while menstruating. It is not as clear cut and simple, though, as three major factors will come into play as well and these include how long the sperm can survive inside the body of the woman, the differences in ovulation timing during the month, and the cycle length of the person’s menstruation.
Menstruation is still considered as falling under the normal range if it comes around 24 to 38 days each month so the length of the cycle can vary from person to person. Those with shorter cycles may have ovulations that are closer to the date of their menstruation compared to those with cycles that are longer. This variation in the cycles of the menstruation and the ovulation of the timing can make it hard to tell when an individual is in their period of fertility.
Also, sperm can survive for up to five days inside the body of the woman which signifies that the person can still conceive even if they had unprotected sex five days before they start ovulating. Some experts suggest that having sex a day before the woman’s ovulation can have the same possibility of getting pregnant similar to that of having sex random and multiple times during the cycle.
During the woman’s menstrual period, the body of the person will be discharging blood which is an egg that is unfertilized and tissues from the lining of the uterus. Women who are experiencing regular cycles of menstruation will usually discharge blood for up to around five days. However, it is possible that the bleeding can be for a time that is longer or shorter.
As such, while it is possible to get pregnant during your period, the probability of this happening can be quite low.
What About Right Before Or After One’s Menstrual Period?
Experts agree that individuals have a lower chance of getting pregnant while their period is fast approaching. This is particularly accurate if the individual has a regular menstrual cycle and observe the 28 days. However, due to the fertility window’s unpredictable and rather fluid characteristic, people trying to avoid getting pregnant should use some form of contraception or birth control.
Fertilization by sperm cells can only occur within the fertility window of just 24 hours after ovulation. If the individual is aware of when they ovulated, they count the days from when they remember ovulating and they would be able to determine when they can (relatively) safely have sexual intercourse. It must be noted, that individuals can still become pregnant right after their menstruation due to the reason stated earlier in the article, which states that sperm can still survive for up to 5 days inside the body of the woman after having intercourse.
People with a cycle that is short and who had intercourse following their period and along with ovulation that is early may ovulate fast enough that the sperm cells can gain contact with the egg cells.
Other Details About OvulationThe window of fertility will commonly happen in the middle of the cycle of the individual. This period will only be a few days before ovulating and will end a day after ovulation. It is the highest possibility of pregnancy for the person. Ovulation tracking can be a critical tool for people who want to become pregnant and those who want to prevent any pregnancy. It must be noted that even individuals who are considered regular in terms of ovulation, the ovulation period can change from month to month and even within the menstrual cycle.
Other variables can cause irregular ovulation, and these include a change in work and sleep routines, stress, sickness, obesity, and smoking cigarettes. Individuals can also use several tools to track their ovulation, and these include fertility chats, monitoring the temperature of the body, etc.