The blood is an essential element of the body that helps provide in almost all important bodily functions. Discharge and excretion of blood are also normal when people get wounds and especially for women who undergo their menstrual periods every month. However, isn’t it alarming when we experience unwanted and unusual blood discharge? What causes these unusual bleeding that is even released from unusual parts of the body; like the nose?
Where Do Nosebleeds Come From?
However scary it may sound, the nosebleeds that occur to most people are just normal and they happen regularly. Nosebleed just proves that not everything associated with blood is an indicator of a major disease since there are many minor causes that lead to a nosebleed. But still, there are some cases that can be tied with diseases, and they are to be discussed in a while.
One of the most common reasons why a nosebleed happens is because of the characteristics of the nose itself. The nose is known to have quantities of blood vessels, just like all the other parts of our body; but the blood vessels in the nose are quite sensitive, thus it results to frequent cases of a nosebleed, though it still differs for every person. Nonetheless, it is not that huge of a deal for adults to have a nosebleed, even kids who are aged 3 to 10 years old are also prone to this occurrence.
Two Kinds of Nosebleed
A nosebleed can be caused by different sources, therefore it was categorized into two kinds based on how it is caused. The two kinds of nosebleed are anterior and posterior nosebleed.
The anterior nosebleed is the common kind of nosebleed that happens to most people. Being anterior, this takes place when the frontal blood vessels suddenly react by breaking and thus it causes the bleeding. This kind of nosebleed is just normal and are not seen to be harmful.
The posterior nosebleed, however, is when the person must get cautious. Since it is named posterior; it means that the bleeding comes from the back of the nose or in its deepest part which is connected to other organs. The nasal passage is connected to other important internal organs, so it is dangerous when the nosebleed is in posterior form because there is a big possibility that the blood will flow down into the other parts of the body through the throat.
Causes of Nosebleed
Nosebleed does not only occur because of a single source, actually, but there are also many factors to consider when looking for the main cause of nosebleed.
Here are some of the most common causes nosebleed to figure out where it may have come from:
Because of dry air, the moisture inside the nose is lessened. This happens to a lot of people who are in places that have dry and hot climates. Here, the nosebleed starts from the dryness of nasal membranes which can also lead to itchiness and irritation. This is when the person will have the urge to scratch or touch the nose which can result in bleeding.
Medicines for sinus problems and allergies
Sometimes the content of medications such as antihistamines and decongestants cause unwanted dryness of the nasal membranes. Again, this may lead to itching and irritation and when touched or scratched results to the occurrence of nosebleed.
Excessive nose blowing
When a person blows their nose too much, there is pressure inside that nose and it may cause a nosebleed.
It is inevitable to have a few foreign objects entering inside the nose, however, there are some of them that can lead to unusual bleeding. It can be that the foreign object is of sharp characteristics thus causing incision inside the nose or it can be an irritant that will make the person scratch the nose or blow the nose too much in order to get rid of the object; which can cause the bleeding.
Just like the previously mentioned, these chemical irritants can serve as foreign objects in the nose. The person’s reaction to there irritants will either be scratching or picking of the nose or excessive nose blowing just to get rid of them; leading to possible nosebleed.
Like other injuries, nose injuries can cause unusual and excessive bleeding. This is normal especially when the injury is not yet fully recovered.
Upper respiratory infection
People who have an infection in their upper respiratory tract or sinuses tend to experience common cases of nosebleed. The nosebleed is normal in this condition.
Aside from the common causes of a nosebleed, there are also those that can happen due to a more serious disease. Some of the diseases that can give the person nosebleeds are:
High blood pressure
Because the blood pressure level gets too high, the blood can literally get out of control. Also, this condition can be an indication of a mild stroke.
This may be due to internal bleeding of an organ and the blood just happens to come up to the nose.
Blood clotting disorders
Blood clotting prevents excessive bleeding in the body. However, when one has issues with blood clotting, it may lead to unusual and uncontrollable bleeding.
Since there is a possibility that a nosebleed can be the result of cancer, nosebleeds that last longer than 20 minutes or those that are associated with bruises must be checked by a medical professional as soon as possible. The possible cancerous conditions that can give the person a nosebleed are leukemia, blood vessel disorders, or even a nasal tumor.
How to Stop a Bloody Nose
In the case of anterior and common nosebleeds, there are ways to control and stop them.
Squeeze the nose and use a cotton or tissue pad to reduce the bleeding.
It is important to sit properly when trying to stop a nosebleed. One can also use soft items to get excessive blood. To do this, sit upright while squeezing the nose and keeping the nostrils in a matter of 10 minutes. Lean forward a little to let the blood flow to the nostrils, remember to breathe through your mouth in order to prevent the unwanted movement of the blood inside the nose. As the blood comes out, use the soft cotton or tissue pad to get rid of it.
Do not lie down or prevent your head from getting tilted back.
Some people thought that leaning their head back will stop a nosebleed. Do not do this, as it may lead to swallowing of the blood instead of getting rid of it.
Use a cold compress to ease the bleeding.
Since most cases of anterior nosebleed are due to injuries or irritation of the nasal membranes, a cold compress can work effectively in healing the damaged membranes and blood vessels.
There is nasal spray decongestant that can stop a nosebleed.
You can also opt to use nasal spray decongestants that are said to work against nosebleed by treating and closing off the damaged small blood vessels.
Ask for your doctor’s help.
The best way to stop a nosebleed is to immediately get the help of a doctor. This can also be done when the cause of the nosebleed is unwanted foreign objects. Also, this is important when the home remedies do not work in stopping the bleeding. Since there is also a possibility of having a posterior nosebleed, it is better to get yourself checked by your doctor at the same time.