Irregular Periods and Ovulation: Getting Pregnant Plus Infertility
Irregular periods and ovulation, do they have any relation with infertility? These are factors that can all be closely connected. Statistics show that 10% of American women who want to get pregnant have problems achieving that goal.
There are various ways that menstrual cycles are linked to ovulation and pregnancy issues. Get to know important facts about whether your irregular period is a sign of health conditions like infertility.
What Exactly Are Irregular Periods?
There are various causes of irregular periods. Factors related to female hormones like estrogen. It can also be a sign of other health conditions related to inflammation, uterus lining, cancer, and menopause.
The length of a menstrual cycle can range from 21 days to 35 days. The average length is 28 days although it’s not always that length.
Irregular periods can also be caused by various reasons like changes in hormones, birth control, and exercise.
Women can experience irregular periods anytime from puberty to menopause. In most cases, treatments aren’t’ required. However, if the menstrual cycles are often irregular, this could be a sign of a medical condition that requires treatment.
The regular menstrual cycle usually lasts for 21 to 35 days, happens 11-13 times per year and menstrual bleeding lasts for 2-7 days. However, if the changes are major or happen frequently, then this could be a sign of irregular periods. It’s important to consider how often the menstruation changes.
It can also take a while for regular cycles to begin after puberty. The menstrual cycles are usually regular most of the time after they begin. However, sometimes there are big differences in issues like the amount of time between each menstrual cycle. This is a sign of irregular menstrual cycles.
There are various signs of irregular menstruation. However, one of the main ones is when it lasts 35+ days. Another sign is if the periods keep changing in length.
Irregular Periods And Ovulation Effects
It’s common for a woman’s menstrual cycles to change slightly from puberty to menopause. What’s critical is to observe whether there are major changes that take place.
One main takeaway is it’s still possible for irregular menstrual cycles to result in pregnancy. One of the factors is these changes in the lengths of menstrual cycles can make it tough to determine when ovulation is happening.
You can time sexual activity near ovulation to boost the chance of getting pregnant. That’s because sex is required during the “fertile window” to conceive. This term refers to a couple of days leading up to ovulating and the exact day of ovulation.
In addition, irregular menstrual cycles can also be a sign of irregular ovulation. That involves not ovulating at different times from month to month, or not ovulating during some months. Irregular ovulation can also be caused by particular hormone medicine or past uterus scarring.
You can also have menstruation and no ovulation. Usually, this takes place when the uterine lining gets very thick that makes it unstable. These factors can also make it more difficult to become pregnant.
Some of the main causes of irregular menstrual cycles include:
- Thyroid disease
Women can use ovulation predictor kits to determine when there’s a spike in an ovulation-triggering hormone. These units can become expensive if you have to test daily or weekly. These kits are also helpful for women with irregular menstrual cycles.
Irregular Periods and Menopause
Peri/Premenopause is another cause of irregular periods. During perimenopause, the menstrual periods’ pattern changes. There are times when menstruation doesn’t happen at all during a month. Peri-menopause is the time that leads up to menopause.
Changes in hormone levels can cause changes in a woman’s periods. That includes factors like symptoms, frequency, and regularity. The experience that women have during this life stage can differ. However, it’s important to know when the signs of peri-menopause are happening so you’ll be able to detect it.
When people get close to menopause there are hormone changes, which causes bodies to have fewer ovulations. When the ovary doesn’t give off an egg this results in various changes. That prevents menstruation from happening.
The main symptoms of changes in menstrual cycles during this time are fewer menstrual periods. Since ovulation isn’t happening in a cycle during peri-menopause the woman’s body makes less of a female hormone known as progesterone.
That can result in the uterus’ lining building for more time than normal. That, in turn, causes periods to happen less often and being lighter. Due to these hormone changes, women might notice various changes during peri-menopause including periods being lighter, heavier, longer, and irregular.
There are various ways women can deal with these changes. They include OTC pain relievers, heat on the back/stomach, exercising to reduce bloating, and meditation to lower stress. There are various other options to help deal with the situation.
Women can also have other symptoms throughout peri-menopause like hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and fatigue. Hormone replacement therapy (HPT) is sometimes prescribed by doctors to deal with these issues. However, consider this treatment carefully since some studies link HRT to higher cancer risk. You should talk to your doctor before treating irregular periods of ovulation.