Types of Weight Loss Surgery

There could be different reasons as to why we try to shed extra pounds – aesthetics, health concerns, lifestyle, and a lot more.

weight loss surgery

Aside from doing the traditional ways to losing weight, science has come up with various weight loss surgery to make it easier and faster for people to achieve their body goals.

The human body is by far the greatest investment one could ever have. This is why individuals would exhaust all means to take care of it – both externally and internally.

Why People Go through Weight Loss Surgery

Furthermore, we can never deny the fact that more and more people are becoming weight and body conscious. Thus, the number of people who are engaging in weight loss programs as well as surgeries are also vastly increasing.

There could be different reasons as to why we try to shed extra pounds – aesthetics, health concerns, lifestyle, and a lot more.

Whatever the reason is, we will always have a say on what to do with our body. This is why some individuals would consider undergoing weight loss surgeries to give them faster and better results as to how they wanna look after losing weight.

Due to continuous innovations, the availability of surgical procedures is also continuously increasing.

Having said, one would have a variety of options on which surgical procedure will be done. Before undergoing such, there could still be a lot of factors that should be considered – body type, health condition, age, and etc. There are also procedures that focus on certain body parts since some patients would only want to remove fats on a specific area of the body.

To know more about the different types of weight loss surgery, check out the list below.

Types of Weight Loss Surgery

Weights loss surgeries contribute to two main ways:

  • Restriction

This kind of surgery is done by limiting the amount of food and calories that the stomach can hold.

  • Malabsorption

This surgery shortens the bypass area of the small intestine. As a result, limited food as well as nutrients will be absorbed by the body.

Four Common Types of Weight Loss Surgery

1. Sleeve Gastrectomy

This type of surgery requires partial removal of the stomach. The remaining parts of the stomach will then be turned into a tubelike structure which connects to the intestines. By then, only limited food will be allowed in the stomach – generating appetite-regulating hormone ghrelin. This is why individuals who undergo this type of surgery are less likely to experience hunger.

Among other surgeries, sleeve gastrectomy is considered a simple operation. It’s not even a very risky operation since the intestines aren’t affected during the procedure. Means to say, the body won’t have a problem absorbing nutrients.

2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Roux-en-Y or Gastric Bypass Surgery is a combination of both weight loss approaches; restrictive and malabsorption.

During the operation, the stomach will be divided into two parts in order to create a small pouch at the upper part of the tummy. This small pouch will then be considered as the only area of the area where food will be absorbed and received. As a result, the food consumed in the stomach will also be limited – contributing to weight loss.

This surgery is primarily to create a shortcut for the food. Having said, the body can only then absorb fewer calories.

What’s good about this surgery is that the effect on weight loss happens quickly. This is why individuals who happen to suffer from other health conditions such as obesity, high cholesterol, heartburn, high blood pressure, and a lot more could also recover fast.

According to experts, this surgery is also perfect for long-term. Some doctors claim that patients who undergo this type of surgery could maintain weight loss for up to 10 years or even longer.

Drawbacks

Despite the amazing effects, this surgery is also said to come with some drawbacks. One disadvantage that researchers were able to find in this surgery is that one may suffer from nutrient deficiency since the stomach cannot absorb all the nutrients it needs. Loss of important nutrients such as calcium and iron could lead to other health concerns. In order to combat those possible health problems, one must stick with a healthy diet and take supplementations forever.

A study even suggests that Gastric Bypass could also lead to Dumping Syndrome. This condition becomes possible since the food dumped from the stomach could travel to the intestines quickly. As a result, a patient with dumping syndrome could suffer from nausea, bloating, pain sweating, diarrhea, and weakness. This condition is another reason why one who had Gastric Bypass must be careful with the diet since there are certain foods that could be triggers to dumping syndrome.

3. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding

Compared to the Gastric Bypass, this operation is considered much safer. The recovery period is even faster than other surgical procedures and the band used to perform the operation may also be removed by undergoing another surgery.

During operation, the surgeon uses an inflatable band placed in the upper section of the stomach. Thus, this will create a small pouch above the band with a narrow opening to the rest of the stomach. This procedure is done to limit the food intake of the patient. Experts suggest that individuals who undergo Gastric Banding must consume foods that are soft and can be chewed easily.

Compared to other surgeries, weight loss in this procedure may be a little dramatic. Having said, it is possible for the patients to gain back weight after several years.

This procedure is also said to have some negative side effects. Individuals who undergo this surgery aren’t encouraged to eat a lot since they are most likely to vomit after eating. It is also possible that the band placed inside the stomach may have complications. This is because the band may have the tendency to slip out of place or become too loose.

4. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch

Somehow similar to Sleeve Gastrectomy, this procedure also is done by removing a large part of the stomach. The only remains on the stomach will be the valve and the duodenum located at the first part of the intestine.

The duodenal switch is done when the surgeon closes the middle section of the intestine and have the last part of it attached to the duodenum.

On the other hand, the biliopancreatic diversion takes place when the separated section of the intestine is then attached to its end.

The end result of this procedure will limit the absorption of calories and nutrients since the foods consumed will bypass the small intestine. Having said, the smaller the amount of foods absorbed contributes to the ultimate goal of the procedure – weight loss.

Which among the four is the best?

The type of surgery that would be conducive for an individual will depend on the body type as well as the health condition.

Each procedure has its own advantages and disadvantages. To guarantee one’s safety, it is important to involve a medical expert upon decision making since there are a lot of things that should be considered first before undergoing such operations.

Choosing the best institution for weight loss surgery is also important to make sure one can get best results.

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