Female’s Unfertilized Egg: Understanding Ovulation And Conception
Ovulation: What happens during this time? Where does fertilization occur and what happens to an unfertilized egg cell? Read on to find out!
Ovulation occurs monthly for female individuals who are at the age of being able to give birth. It will commonly occur around the 14th day or the 28th day of the cycle of menstruation. During the aforementioned cycle, one of the ovaries releases an egg cell which then gets transported to the uterus through the fallopian tube. The egg being released is not an occurrence that is spontaneous either. Instead, several different variables occur before the actual process of ovulation.
The ovaries have follicles start becoming mature around the 6th day and 14th day of the cycle of menstruation. Once the 10th and 14th day come around, the egg can develop from one of the said follicles. The egg cells will then be let go by the ovary on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle.
Most people will not think too much of their menstruation or have their ovulation tracked. However, ovulation can play a critical role in terms of a woman conceiving. As such, those who are thinking of starting a family will find it beneficial to know who long they will be ovulating for.
Ovulation: The Monthly Process
Every month while ovulating, an egg commonly gets released. However, some women may have more release (not just one egg) a day apart from each other. Once ovulation is done, the egg that has already grown mature can be fertilized by a sperm cell which can lead to conception and pregnancy. If one does not completely comprehend the process of ovulation and its significance in initiating pregnancy, the individual may assume that pregnancy may happen during any time of the menstrual cycle. However, this assumption is inaccurate as people can only be fertile for a limited number of days each month, particularly during the period of ovulation.
Unfertilized Egg: What Happens After?
Normal ovulation cycles can last for around one (1) whole day each month. Once there is released egg coming from the ovaries, it will dissolve or die within 12 hours or one (1) day if it does not undergo fertilization. Conception may happen during a window spanning around six (6) days which includes the 5 days before ovulation and the actual day itself.
This is because sperm cells can survive for up to 5 days inside the body of a female individual. As such, having sex during ovulation and several days before ovulation, there could be some sperm cells still surviving within the body which may interact with the egg as it is getting transported towards the fallopian tube. The fallopian tube is where conception occurs and not in the uterus. An unfertilized egg can get dissolved after 24 hours but an egg that is fertilized can go on and travel from the fallopian tube and into the uterus. This fertilized egg then gets attached or implanted for 6 to 10 days in the uterus once conception has begun.
What Are The Signs Of Ovulation?
Several women can experience ovulation without observing any bodily changes. However, others can also note ovulation signs and symptoms and intercourse or sex must be planned during days when the person is fertile. For those who want to have children, it is good to know that are ways to find out if one is ovulating. Below are some of the possible signs of ovulation:
- Cervical Fluid changes- For those who may note that they do have discharge from the cervix, this can be a sign of ovulation or that the person may start ovulating in the coming days. Fluid in the cervix can appear stringy, stretchy, wet, and clear. It can look like the whites of eggs.
- Changes in the body’s basal temperature- Basal temperature is the temperature one has when someone is resting. During ovulation, the temperature of the bod may be increased slightly. This method though can have its challenges as some individuals only experience the said change in basal body temperature after their window of fertility (2 to 3 days after). This can be a problem as the ovulation may have already been completed after the basal body increase is observed or tracked.
Regardless, a thermometer that can detect or monitor the basal temperature of individuals can still be a handy tool for pinpointing and monitoring when people will ovulate. Individuals can also use an OPK (ovulation prediction kit) online or at the pharmacy to monitor and track their ovulation.
Together with the changes in body temperature and cervical fluids, other possible signs of ovulation include increased sex drive, bloating, sore breasts, and cramping.
Ovulation: Possible Factors That May Prevent It
Some women are already considered at a childbearing age, who are unable to ovulate. Numerous factors can hinder the body’s ability to have an egg released. One such condition that can cause this is called PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome. For women with PCOS, sex hormone levels such as progesterone and estrogen can get greatly imbalanced.
This can result in the development of ovarian cysts (benign ovarian masses). This health condition can lead to issues with the woman’s appearance, cardiac functions, fertility, and menstrual cycles.
A thyroid that is underactive or overactive can also have ovulation stopped and can also lead to menopause that is premature. Also, several women are unable to ovulate when under extreme or chronic stress. Those who may be having some issues trying to get pregnant, or if the person believes that she is not undergoing ovulation, then it may be best to coordinate with a healthcare professional and to have their fertility tested.
It must be noted though, that people may still experience their period monthly even if they are not ovulating. This is because the lining of the uterus will still become thicker in preparation for an egg’s arrival.