What are the Causes of ADHD?

What are the Causes of ADHD?

Right now, science is slowly but surely getting to the causes of ADHD. At first glance, it would seem these causes are as controversial as the disorder itself. While there are a lot of experts pointing out how genetics and the environment may have to do something about it, there is no definitive answer to date. Unlike certain diseases, there is still a lot of room for growth when it comes to fully knowing the real cause of the disorder. Heart disease, for instance, points to the accumulation of dangerous plaque in the arteries. Still, there is a lot of hope for ADHD patients as medication and technology are closing the gap in treating it.

You might think you know a child hampered by AD but there a lot of things that may complicate it. If you find yourself dealing with a child with the symptoms, it’s best you get an expert opinion. The earlier the better. Yes, indeed. Today, there are 3 factors common in most ADHD patients. First, there is that difficulty in focus. Kids with the disorder find it hard to finish a task – seemingly whisked away in thought by something else. Just like that. Secondly, there is an excessive activity not common for a person of the same age. Then there is that problem of emotional control Children affected seem unable to effectively function in school and in play. Should you be experiencing discomfort with a child, getting ample knowledge may be your best weapon. Read on.

 

ADHD History

Today, you know it as ADHD – or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Since the 18th century, text already describes similar symptoms to what we know now as AD. Since the 1970s, there was a lot of buzz about it but then it has gained controversy in its diagnosis and treatment.

Terminology for one is changing. In the period 1980 to 1987, ADHD was referred to as ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder. Before that, it was called hyperkinetic reaction in childhood.

Technically, ADHD is a mental disorder that’s neurodevelopmental. Meaning, it is a health condition that affects thinking. The results of AD is, as you may already be aware, destructive. When you can’t focus, learning takes a hike. So does sports. Even a game such as marbles needs focus. How much more basketball and football?

It’s best, of course, to treat ADHD early. Reason enough why knowing the symptoms is a must – granting you have a problematic child. Below are some of the most apparent. Still, note that two-thirds of the cases are usually tied to other mental conditins (e.g., epilepsy).

 

Warning Signs

  • Missing key details in school work
  • Problems in sustaining attention/listening in conversation
  • Not being able to hold a conversation for long
  • Not being able to follow instructions in school/work
  • Not being able to do homework
  • Not being able to sit down for long
  • Fidgeting
  • Walking around when everyone is seated in class
  • Dashing about aimlessly
  • Rudely interrupting others when in conversation

Again, an expert should do you wonders when it comes to concluding. Observing some of these symptoms does not directly put someone as an ADHD patient. Anxiety and depression along with some learning disabilities can cause similar behaviors.

 

Possible Causes of ADHD

There is no exact cause yet when it comes to ADHD. The following seems to have contributed to it.

  1. Brain Anatomy

Thanks to brain-imaging techniques, observed differences between normal children and those affected by AD are pronounced. It would seem that brain development proceeds similarly for both groups. But there is an observed delay in growth for ADHD kids. Such a delay could go as far as 3 years equivalent. The worse part, these delays affect the executive function of the brain.

Further, brain communication seems to be rather slow in kids with ADHD. It means the speed by which information is passed from one part of the brain to another is affected. The twist is people with ADHD still are able to function well. But only when that task at hand is most interesting for them.

  1. Heredity

What has now become apparent is there seem to be a gene or genes that pass ADHD down the line in families. Why? It has been observed that the disorder tends to run in the family. People who are affected by it are most likely to pass it on to their kids. And it’s no accident that a child that’s diagnosed with ADHD is likely to have a parent who is also affected. That chances are one in every four. The problem is ADHD in adults is not as pronounced as in a child. You may not find them to be hyperactive even.

  1. Other Learning Issues

It is another observed factor that could give us a solution to the ADHD puzzle. It’s true. Having one learning issue does not automatically cause ADHD. No, sir. But there are a lot of cases when learning issues occur simultaneously with AD. We can cite children affected by dyslexia. Kids impaired by dyslexia are more likely to be suffering from ADHD in comparison to those who are not suffering from dyslexia. Confounding right?

  1. Enviroment

As hard as it is to swallow, certain conditions have been observed to have brought about ADHD. A very direct example is the alchol intake for women in pregnancy. It has been observed that women who make booze a habit even when carrying a child are more likely to bear children with fetal alcohol disorders, which includes among other ADHD. Also, those young kids who are exposed to toxic substances like lead could have ADHD later in life.

It really would seem that pregnancy plays a direct role in the formation of ADHD in children. Babies born prematurely or with extremely low weight are more likely to develop it in growth. Same thing with babies who are not taken care of and is not socially connected due to poverty. Worse, babies affected with pathogens (e.g., measles, enterovirus) also are prone to develop the condition.

Jane

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